The sudden appearance of an overwhelming feeling of fear or anxiety is a telltale sign of a psychological condition known as panic disorder. The physical signs of a panic attack are very intense and can arise within 3 to 10 minutes. They may occur in episodes and last as long as half an hour. Below are some of its symptoms.

  •  Increased heart rates, palpitation, pounding or racing heartbeat
  •  Chest pain
  •  Shortness of breath, difficultly in breathing
  •  Lightheadedness, dizziness, faintness
  •  Numbness ,tingling sensations of extremities
  •  Hot flashes, tremulousness
  •  Sweating
  •  Exhaustion, fatigue
  •  Nausea or an upset stomach
  •  Feeling as if you are in a dream or experiencing  distorted perception
  •  Intense fear with a feeling that something scary and uncontrollable is going to
     happen, fear of death, fear of not being in control
  •  of self  and fear of going  ‘crazy’ or acting out unacceptably

Patients usually meet doctors after episodes of panic attack. Being able to tell the doctor that the symptoms are episodic will help your doctors diagnose the disorder more easily and accurately.


              Panic attacks can occur at any time and place, making them hard to anticipate. This unpredictability can cause patients to worry and avoid situations or activities known to cause an attack.

               Patients who have once experienced its symptoms will usually remain fearful of another panic attack. This constant anticipation may in itself cause them to live in perpetual, severe anxiety.

              Panic disorder commonly appears in early adulthood. This lessens patients’ ability to function at work and also strain their relationships with others. They may think that they are suffering from heart disease or other serious illnesses. Many will undergo physical examinations and tests, only to find that there is nothing physically wrong with their body.


    There are many causes of panic attacks.
        The body’s control center called autonomic nervous system is overactive and  overly sensitive to stimuli.
        Genetics – this disorder can run in the family.
        Stress, certain medical illnesses and drugs are known to trigger panic attacks.

                  In some cases, they may no clear cause or stimuli for panic attacks. However, panic disorder can be treated.

    Currently, the treatment of panic disorder includes medication and professional counseling. Statistically, 7 to 9 out of 10 patients can be treated successfully after only 6 to 8 weeks of treatment. Doctors will usually recommend continued treatment for at least 6 months to prevent the reappearance of the illness. Patients should stop taking the prescribed medication only with the help of a doctor.

    Helpful Suggestion

        Panic disorder is not a life-threatening illness as
many may fear. Seek medical help for counseling and treatment.
        Do not try to ‘treat’ this illness by drinking or taking sleeping pills because its symptoms will be more severe after you stop taking them.
        Stop  or drink less coffee, tea, energy drink, and other beverages with caffeine.
        Exercise regularly. Face situations known to trigger panic attacks after successful treatment. Start
        slowly. Practice relaxation exercises to reduce stress.

    Breathing Exercise for Stress Reduction

             1. Lie face up on a bed or in a peaceful environment.
             2. Place both hands on your abdomen. Relaxyour chest muscles and shoulders.
             3. Breathe in deeply and slowly. Concentrate on the movement of air into your nose. Feel the
                 breath filling your lungs as your abdomen   rises.
             4. Hold your breath and count to three slowly.
             5. Exhale slowly, again concentrating on the movement of air out of your nose. Feel your
                 hands on the abdomen   fall.
             6. After you have completely exhaled, count to three slowly.
             7. Repeat this exercise at least 10 times.
             8. When you have mastered this breathing exercise while lying down, try doing it while
                 sitting comfortably with both hands on your legs or abdomen .

    For more information  or appointment please call 02 7259595 or email to
    [email protected] . We are happy to be of your service.